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Dental prosthetics

One of the most common types of dental treatment is prosthetics

This is due to the very low level of prevention of dental diseases, when prosthetics becomes the only way to restore lost teeth.

The need for prosthetics even in the absence of one tooth is due to many reasons: So over time, teeth (sometimes even with bone tissue) begin to shift and fill the "free space". As a result, irreversible deformations of the dentition occur and, as a result, diseases of the temporomandibular joint. Hence, severe pain in the ear, neck, abnormal abrasion of teeth, joint clicking and other symptoms.

Dentures are either fixed or removable.

In order for you to be able to better navigate when choosing the design of prostheses, we will tell you about them with individual examples:

 

Fixed dentures

Installed by the doctor on the teeth for a long time. These are single crowns or bridges (multiple crowns) that are fixed on healthy teeth or implants. These structures are made from various materials: ceramics, metal or plastic. The most common material for crowns and bridges is cermet. The base (frame) is most often a cobalt-chrome alloy, veneer made of durable and highly aesthetic ceramics. A higher quality titanium, biocompatible with the human body, can also be used as a basis. In our clinic, we use ceramic masses created using new technologies, these ceramic masses give the crowns not only a natural look, but also transparency, color depth, characteristic of the teeth of each individual patient. Such crowns even have a natural micro-wear characteristic of natural teeth. Dental prosthetics with materials with such properties helps to protect healthy antagonist teeth from premature abrasion.

There is a 1-year warranty for metal-ceramic structures in our clinic. The real service life is 10-15 years or more.

In case of slight destruction of the chewing teeth, we recommend making and installing all-ceramic inlays instead of full crowns. It is possible to restore the decayed part of the tooth with the help of modern filling material, but the most modern technology that provides a longer service life and comfort is microprosthetics with inlays.

The high class of our doctors and the quality of workmanship make it possible, in most cases, to perform prosthetics on living teeth, both when working with cermets and using metal-free ceramics.

 

Veneers (onlays)

When the outer surface of the central and lateral incisors is damaged, veneers can be used to achieve the best aesthetic effect. Veneers are ceramic plates used to replace a defect in the coronal part of the anterior group of teeth or to improve aesthetics.

 

 

Root tabs

If the crown part of the tooth is completely destroyed, there is no need to remove the remaining root. In such cases, a root stump tab (pin) is made. Accurately repeating the shape of the tooth canal, it allows you to distribute the chewing load on the root and on the restored tooth stump, on which the crown is subsequently put on.

 

 

Removable dentures

Removable dentures live up to their name, as they are freely removed from the oral cavity by the patient himself for hygiene purposes and inserted back. There are full ones, that is, they include all the teeth (there are no more of their own) and partial, that is, they partially compensate for the defect in the dentition. Removable dentures are installed when there are not enough teeth in the mouth, which can serve as a support for fixed structures, and it is also impossible to install implants for medical reasons.

 

 

Clasp dentures

Removable clasp dentures are metal or plastic based.

Clasp dentures transfer the chewing load not only to the gums and bone tissue of the jaws, but also to the abutment teeth through special devices - clasps, which creates a uniform load on the teeth and gums close to natural. Such prostheses are very strong, small in size, more durable and easier to use. Most often, we use clasp prostheses with micro-lock fixation, which allow us to make prosthetics completely invisible.

Removable plate prostheses (on a plastic basis) rest only on the gum, so it is often injured and has problems with fixation.

The strength of removable dentures is limited, and the patient must use them wisely, for example, not crunch crackers, nuts. A removable denture may not withstand such a load and break. It is believed that such a denture can function for 4–5 years and then must be replaced. However, there are often cases when an earlier replacement of the prosthesis is necessary, in particular with progressive atrophy (subsidence) of the gums and underlying bone tissue.

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